Head & body length: 80-100cm
Adult usually reddish-brown with whitish spots in summer, usually grey-brown with pale, indistinct spots in winter. Occasionally all white. Rump whitish with dark rim, tail blackish with white margin. Antlers palmate.
Habitat: Characteristic of mature woodland, prefers deciduous or mixed woodland with established understory, will colonise conifer plantations.
Diurnal if undisturbed, otherwise nocturnal or crepuscular, lying up in cover during daytime.